Friday, January 31, 2014


One morning last May, a couple of very young Eastern Fox Squirrels (Sciurus niger) were fooling around in the elm tree outside my kitchen window.  There were four altogether, the other two were less independent and were staying close to their nest in the tall spruce at the other side of the yard.

So much fun racing around the branches on a warm spring day.

These little mutts were about 30 cm/12 inches long, from nose to tip of tail; about half the size of an adult. 

Very cute.

Monday, January 27, 2014

A Somewhat Famous Bird

So what's famous about an Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)?

It isn't fabulously coloured.  Rather, it definitely fits in the ubiquitous 'lbj' category (little brown job) of birds.  Overall drab, medium-sized flycatcher, grey-brown uppers, pale whitish-yellow unders, maybe a bit more yellow on the belly, no eye-ring, no wing bars, black bill and legs, long tail.  Largish head.  Sexes similar.  (Yawn)

There are a couple of things about this bird, though, that make it quickly identifiable.  It sits perkily upright on its perch, and its tail is usually in motion, pumping and wagging.

And because it is a flycatcher, its mode of operation is to perch on a branch, sally out to snap up an insect, return to perch (or take tasty morsel over to nest to feed one of the 4-5 youngsters raised yearly).  If near water, they will pluck insects and aquatic invertebrates off the water surface.


Eastern Phoebes don't winter very far south, so are one of the earliest returning songbirds birds in spring.  This fact alone makes it one of my favourites.  Nothing is as joyful sounding in mid-April, as a snappy "fee-bee" coming from the bushes near a low bridge over the river.  "Hello, I'm back!"

Another fairly unique thing is that Eastern Phoebes have adapted better than many species to the steady removal of natural habitat and the building of man-made structures.  Nowadays, they typically place their mud-and-grass nests in protected nooks on bridges, barns, and houses, preferably near water. 

Consider yourself lucky if one should decide to build on your property.   Excellent natural insect control.  Also, please don't destroy the nest at the end of the season as the bird will probably return to it the following year.

Now we are coming to the Somewhat Famous bit....

In 1804, John James Audubon tied a silver string to the leg of an Eastern Phoebe to see if it would return to the same nest site the following year, thus becoming the first bird to be banded in North America. 

Eastern Phoebe Range Map

Information Sources
All About Birds
Birds of Canada

Thursday, January 16, 2014

White-breasted Nuthatch

This is another of our little birds of winter.  Like chickadees, nuthatches are year-round residents here. It is always a pleasure to see one hitching down the trunk of a tree, head-first.

The White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis) is the largest of the four North American nuthatch species.  Their habitat is deciduous and mixed deciduous-coniferous forests and treed residential areas (that's me, waving hands).

Pete Dunne describes this bird as "a chunky, neckless, child's fist-sized wind-up toy of a bird...."

Nuthatches get their common name from their habit of jamming large seeds and nuts into tree bark, then whacking them with their sharp bill to “hatch” out the seed from the inside.  

White-breasted Nuthatches store food in cache sites with each storage place containing only one type of food.

Nuthatches do not use their tails for stability as do woodpeckers and Brown Creepers.  Instead, one foot is used to brace the bird against the tree, the other foot holds onto the bark.

White-breasted Nuthatch Range Map
Range Map & Info source:
Birds of Canada 
All About Birds 
Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion

Monday, January 6, 2014

Remembering a Summer Day

I suppose it is warm somewhere today - it isn't here.  I'm not leaving for my winter vacation for another six weeks and I'm tired of looking out the window and seeing white (as in snow).

What better time to sort through the files of downloaded photos from the past year?  Let's see what happened on June 26th.  Ah, yes, I went for a drive around my area.

One of the very frequent trains on the Canadian Pacific Soo Line; this one coming up from the US, looks like a shipment of new cars and trucks.  One of my favourite birding locations is just to the left - Roche Percee Park.

It is always a good day when I find a Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)  gracefully moving through the shallows of a prairie slough.

Looks like a big storm brewing 'over East'.

Ah, the memories of a warmer time.

Wednesday, January 1, 2014

Happy 2014!

Happy New Year, Everyone!  And, what better way to start a year than a post about my favourite little birds - Black-capped Chickadees (Poecile atricapillus)

Who hasn't held out a handful of sunflower seeds, hoping a friendly, curious little chickadee will momentarily perch on a finger while taking a seed?  Or, smiled on hearing the familiar chickadee-dee?  (I suppose the non-nature lover types haven't, but those people aren't likely to be here reading anyway).

As familiar one is with this perky little bird, All About Birds has some Cool Facts, you might not know.  

- The Black-Capped Chickadee hides seeds and other food items to eat later. Each item is placed in a different spot and the chickadee can remember thousands of hiding places.

- Every autumn Black-capped Chickadees allow brain neurons containing old information to die, replacing them with new neurons so they can adapt to changes in their social flocks and environment even with their tiny brains.  

(It is quite probable that I, too, have allowed my brain neurons to die en masse, yet don't seem to have replaced them.  I do not recall much of anything useful anymore and don't adapt as easily to change as I used to.  I certainly wouldn't remember where I stashed any great number seeds.  Oh, to be a 'tiny-brained' chickadee!).

- Chickadee calls are complex and language-like, communicating information on identity and recognition of other flocks as well as predator alarms and contact calls. The more dee notes in a chickadee-dee-dee call, the higher the threat level.

- Winter flocks with chickadees serving as the nucleus contain mated chickadee pairs and non-breeders, but generally not the offspring of the adult pairs within that flock. Other species that associate with chickadee flocks include nuthatches, woodpeckers, kinglets, creepers, warblers and vireos. (No warblers or vireos in winter here in the Canadian prairies - not for long, anyway.)

- Even when temperatures are far below zero (F), chickadees virtually always sleep in their own individual cavities. In rotten wood, they can excavate nesting and roosting holes entirely on their own.

- Most birds that associate with chickadee flocks respond to chickadee alarm calls, even when their own species doesn’t have a similar alarm call.

Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion is just about my favourite birding book and constant reference tome.  BUT, I must take issue with Mr. Dunne in regard to his comments about Black-capped Chickadees.  He describes them as: portly and robust.  All right, that's fair enough.  However, when comparing them with the Carolina Chickadee he says:
 "Black-capped is a larger, more contrasting, more disheveled-looking chickadee than Carolina"
"Black-capped looks like a scruffy ruffian of a chickadee; Carolina looks like a nice, well-groomed, well-bred chickadee"
Oh, puh-leese.  Those Southern Belle Chicks wouldn't last a minute Up HerePfffttttt!

Information sources:

All About Birds
Pete Dunne's Essential Field Guide Companion